Ireland is an island in the northwest part of continental Europe. Ireland as an island stands a twentieth largest island on earth and third largest in Europe. United Kingdom is the neighboring country towards the eastern part of Ireland, separated by the Irish Sea. Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland, a part of Great Britain, are politically divided. Republic of Ireland covers five sixth portion of the island with 4.6 million populations and Northern Ireland covers remaining area with 1.8 million populations with an overall approximate population is 6.4 million.
Ireland and the Great Britain are the member of the European Union and as a consequence there is free movement of people, goods, services and capital across the border. The Republic of Ireland has a parliamentary democracy with a written constitution and the President is elected with ceremonial powers based on the Westminster model.
Ireland has four provinces and 32 traditional counties out of which 26 of these countries are in the Republic of Ireland and 6 are in Northern Ireland. River Boyne, Skellig Michael & Giant’s Causeway are three World Heritage Sites in Ireland and many more places are on the list.
Irish & English are commonly spoken languages in Ireland. Irish an official language of the Republic of Ireland is now a minority. Gaelic football and handball are the most popular and traditional sports in Ireland. Rugby, cricket, horse racing and greyhound racing are well popular and well watched sports in Ireland.
Irish whiskey is neither smoky as Scotch whiskey nor sweet as American & Canadian whiskies. Irish coffee – a cocktail of coffee and whiskey is internationally renowned as Irish cocktail.