Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia is the sixth largest country in the world. Australia is located in the southern hemisphere comprising mainland of the Australian Continent, the island of Tasmania and many smaller islands. Nearest countries are Indonesia, East Tinor and Papua New Guinea to the north and the Solomon Island.
Almost one in the four Australians was born overseas. You will meet people from all comes of the globe who have settled in Australia – from Europe and Asia, to Africa and the Middle East and the Americans. Australia is a country of innovation Australian Scientists have invented many world changing technologies including the black box flight recorder, the heart pacemaker, ultrasound, the influenza vaccine, the bionic ear, wireless internet, Google maps and spray on skin for burn victims.
The greater part of Australia experiences temperate climate for most of the year. The northern states of Australia are naturally warm all the time, with the southern states experiencing cool winters but hardly ever sub-zero temperatures. Snow falls on the higher mountains during the wintry weather, enabling skiing in southern New South Wales and Victorian ski resorts, as well as the smaller resorts in Australia’s island state, Tasmania.
Schooling is obligatory throughout Australia. All children receive 11 years of necessary education from the age of 6 to 16 (Year 1 to 10), before they can undertake two more years (Years 11 and 12), contributing to an adult literacy rate that is assumed to be 99 per cent.
English is the only language spoken close to 79 per cent of the population and Arabic, followed by Vietnamese, Greek, Chinese, and Hindi. Australia has a sign language well-known as Auslan, the main language of about 5,500 deaf people.